Nail fungi: onychomycosis

Onychomycosis: what is, causes and symptoms

Onychomycosis is an infection of the nail system by fungi (fungi).
If not treated over time, mycoses can lead to total nail dystrophy (permanent nail growth anomaly) and consequently to the emergence of new complications.

Of course, the cause of onychomycosis is represented by fungal infection: often it is fungi that live in contact with the individual without creating problems, but which in certain situations (such as a drop in the immune system) can replicate in an uncontrolled manner, leading to, precisely, to infection.
There are also some risk factors that can facilitate the onset of onychomycosis, for example frequenting humid places where these fungi proliferate.
The main symptom of onychomycosis is the chromatic alteration of the nail which, in most cases, tends to change its colour from white to yellowish.

These mycoses can be localized on the superficial, proximal sub-nail or distal sub-nail.
Fungal infections (dermatomycosis) can also occur in the skin of the foot.
The most common is the INTERDIGITAL TINEA PEDIS, or ATHLETE’S FOOT, between the third and fourth toes or between the fourth and fifth toes: it occurs in the form of skin maceration and fissures. Symptoms can range from simple redness to an itchy sensation.

Onychomycosis: prevention and treatment

The podiatry treatment involves a double action:

• the removal of the material produced by the fungus in the course of infection, if it is present at the sub-nail level after a correct cut of the nail plate (which will be examined through a nail culture that will specify the type of mycosis);
• depending on the type of infection, the application of local products to combat mycosis.

To prevent it is important to have proper nail hygiene, keeping them short, clean and dry.

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We also carry out home visits if necessary and after consultation with the patient.